Madagascar Cockroach Hissing : Lifespan/Facts Hisser Roach Breeding
Approx 4500 cockroach species identified around the world and Madagascar Hissing Cockroach among roach species. Madagascar hissing cockroach scientific name Gromphadorhina portentosa (Schaum) is native only to island of Madagascar. It known as fourth largest island in the world, located off the east coast of Africa.
It known as one of the largest insects in the world & worldwide distribution is limited to laboratories, classrooms and pet stores.
MHC approx 2-4 inches long and weighs 1/4 to 7/8 ounces and roaches heavily sclerotized giving it a brownish or black color over entire body. Immediately after the molting process, MHC exhibit a white color until the exoskeleton hardens and species wingless and run quickly. Head actually located underneath and protected by heavy armor of prothorax.
Madagascar Cockroach Hissing
Insect have three times more protein than chicken or beef and roach become a common pet and ideal teaching insects because they don’t bite, don’t fly, odorless and not very active.
Male cockroach has two large tubercles (bumps) on dorsal surface of prothorax. MHC one of the rare ovoviviparous species of roaches and production eggs and hatch within female’s body. And it appear female giving birth to live young. Incubation by female in special brood pouch within body and gestation period around 60 days. Nymph looks similar to adults but smaller in size and young roach undergo six molts.
It require nearly five months for roaches to become mature and MHC negatively phototactic (run away from light) and omnivores in nature. Favourite food peanut butter, bananas, oranges.
Madagascar Roaches Lifespan
MHC Pet Madagascar Hissing roach easy to care for and makes an excellent pet. Owner should provide & maintain dark moist and secluded environment.
Higher temperature will enhance activity and breeding while low temperature make roaches sluggish and inactive. Because they are cold blooded animals and may require external heat source like heat tape, heating mat, hot rocks and heating element.
Young madagascar hissing cockroaches stay in close contact with female for extended period of time after birth. Nymph undergo six molts in a span of approx 7 months before reaching adult stage & they can live up to five years.
Gromphadorhina portentosa Breeding
Hissing – MHC only known insect species capable of hissing, while insect species create sound by rubbing body parts together. Hiss by releasing air from their abdominal spiracles. Roaches produce two kind of hisses: upon reaching certain developmental stage, all hissing cockroaches can produce disturbance hiss, but only males ever emit the fighting hiss.
Male roaches establish & defend territories using unique sound, female hiss when they disturbed. Hiss play important role in Colony hierarchy, communication, courtship.
Why do they hiss? Male roaches hiss to communicate with others – attract mates, scare off enemies, warn others.
- Kingdom – Animalia
- Phylum – Arthropoda
- Subphylum – Uniramia
- Class – Insecta
- Order – Blattaria
- Family – Blattidae
- Genus – Gromphadorhina
- Species – G.portentosa
Read Madagascar Hissing Roach facts – Read here